The Maya Empire is known to have been located in the tropical lowlands of what we know today as Guatemala. This civilization reached its highest level of development in the sixth century A.D.. The Maya are famous for their excellent agriculture, as well as for their unique writing, mathematics and architecture. The Mayans are also famous for their symbolic artwork and calendar.
The Maya civilization is one of the most impressive civilizations that has ever existed on the face of Earth. Unlike numerous other civilizations, the Maya were located in a single geographical block. This civilization covered the entire Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, parts of Mexico, parts of Honduras and El Salvador. The amazing concentration of the Mayans shows that this civilization has never been affected by invasions.
According to historians, the earliest Maya settlements date back to the year 1800 B.C. This civilization was completely based on agriculture. Only in the year 300 B.C., the Mayans began expanding their presence in the lowland regions, establishing quite impressive farms.
During the Middle Preclassic Period, the Mayans knew an important rise. This is the moment when in addition to agriculture, the Maya civilization began building impressive pyramids. Palaces, temples and pyramids were built all around the area in which Mayans were located. They became specific to the Maya culture and religion. Mayans were deeply religious, so they worshiped numerous gods related to nature. Gods of the sun, the moon or the rain were worshiped by the Mayans.
One of the most curious facts about the Mayans is how they managed to built such a great civilization in a tropical rainforest area. The natural environment was much exploited by this civilization. However, despite the wealth, the amazing structure and the unique knowledge that the Mayans possessed, the civilization declined unexpectedly. From the 8th to the 9th century something happened to the Mayans. When caused their decline and dissolution is not known today. Still, even though the real reason remains a mystery, numerous theories have been developed on what determined the decline of this spectacular civilization.
So, some claim that the Mayans used so much the environment in which they lived that they actually exhausted all its resources. Others say that the complex system of relationships, wealth and religion the Mayans built is the one that brought the collapse. Overpopulation may also be a reason that lead to the dissolution of the Mayan Empire.
Despite their mysterious collapse, the Mayan left quite an impressive civilization behind. Their legacy is incomparable with other civilizations, so there is no wonder after all that the Mayan are believed to be one of the greatest civilizations of all time.